Manufacturing PLI Scheme Can Add 4% To GDP Annually: Emkay Report

So far, the scheme has seen maximum response from the electronics, auto components, and pharma sectors.

<div class="paragraphs"><p>A stacker prepares to stack a container at a port in India. (Photo: REUTERS/Amit Dave)</p></div>
A stacker prepares to stack a container at a port in India. (Photo: REUTERS/Amit Dave)

The production-linked incentives scheme, which seeks to boost manufacturing in key areas by offering nearly Rs 2.4 lakh crore in incentives over the next five years, can add 4% to the GDP annually in terms of incremental revenue, says a report.

So far, the scheme has seen maximum response from the electronics, auto components, and pharma sectors, according to Emkay Investment Managers.

The PLI scheme has the potential to add nearly 4% to GDP per annum in terms of incremental revenue if fully realised, the report released on Tuesday said.

Manufacturing companies are adding capacities due to robust returns and this is evident from the number of new manufacturing companies registered.

Registration of manufacturing companies has shot up to the highest ever in the last seven years and the share of manufacturing companies in total registrations is also at almost highest level since the past decade.

Also, the number of environmental clearances sought and granted was the highest ever in FY22, which was 10x of FY15, says the report and credits the same to the structural changes unveiled during 2018-2021 which are reminiscent of the many such things that happened prior to the 2003-2006 boom cycle.

The report said that domestic manufacturing was hit due to demonetisation, badly rolled out GST, and the pandemic apart from the missing consumer demand. As a result, manufacturing companies have been reporting dismal return on capital employed till FY18.

Since then the cash Return On Capital Employed have improved to almost 20% driven by tighter working capital cycles and the cash return on capital employed was the highest in FY22.

The report goes on to add that the current difference between cash ROCE and comparable investment is one of the highest and the attractiveness of cash returns coupled with better capacity utilisation has put manufacturers on the front foot.

On the demand side, the report notes that the consumer was missing in action since the note-ban which got further weakened by the lopsided implementation of GST, and then the pandemic. All these have also crimped jobs by the millions.

However, growth in per capita GDP picked up in FY22 and per capita GDP was higher than in FY20 and the discretionary income is likely to rise from this fiscal.

The report also attributes the success of the PLI scheme to the China+1 strategy. Since the pandemic which originated there, China has been on the receiving end of many Western companies and governments.

The world's factory is again facing significant pushback after the recent lockdowns in many Chinese cities, which further aggravated supply chain as well as manufacturing disruptions.

On top of it, many developed countries have imposed anti-dumping duties on lots of Chinese goods.

Another enabling factor is the rupee depreciation against the Chinese yuan, making India more competitive on the manufacturing front, and the key beneficiaries of these developments are auto and auto components, textiles, chemicals, and capital goods, according to Vikaas M Sachdeva, the CEO of Emkay Investment Managers, which is the portfolio management services arm of brokerage Emkay Global.