World Prepares For Coronavirus Pandemic As Markets Brace For Recession

In Italy, the number of people who tested positive for the illness increased by more than 200 to 650
In Italy, the number of people who tested positive for the illness increased by more than 200 to 650

Hopes the coronavirus would be contained to China vanished on Friday as infections spread rapidly around the world, countries started stockpiling medical equipment and investors took flight in expectation of a global recession.

Share prices were on track for the worst week since the global financial crisis in 2008 as virus-related disruptions to international travel and supply chains fuelled fears of recession in the United States and the Euro zone.

The US stock markets fell into correction territory with the benchmark S&P 500 index down more than 4 per cent on Thursday, extending a market rout that has now sliced more than 10 per cent off of its closing peak on February 19. Asian stocks on Friday tracked Wall Street's plunge.

"The coronavirus now looks like a pandemic. Markets can cope even if there is big risk as long as we can see the end of the tunnel," said Norihiro Fujito, chief investment strategist at Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities.

"But at the moment, no one can tell how long this will last and how severe it will get."

Mainland China - where the virus originated late last year - reported 327 new cases on Friday, the lowest since January 23.

But with new infections reported around the world now surpassing those in China, World Health Organization (WHO) Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said nations should prepare.

"This virus has pandemic potential," Tedros said. "This is not a time for fear. This is a time for taking action to prevent infection and save lives now."

A tally by news agency Reuters showed about 10 countries reported their first virus cases in past 24 hours, including Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa and the first case in sub-Saharan Africa.

US investment bank BofA cut its world growth forecast to the lowest level since the peak of the financial crisis, and ratings agency Moody's said a coronavirus pandemic would trigger global and US recessions in the first half of the year.

Medical Stockpiling 

In addition to stockpiling medical supplies, governments ordered schools shut and canceled big gatherings, including sports events, to try to halt the spread of the flu-like disease known as COVID-19.

US President Donald Trump's administration was considering invoking special powers to rapidly expand US production of protective gear, two officials told Reuters.

In Europe, France's number of reported cases doubled, Germany warned of an impending epidemic and Greece, a gateway for refugees from the Middle East, announced tighter border controls.

"We have a crisis before us. An epidemic is on its way," French President Emmanuel Macron said.

The death toll in Italy, Europe's worst-hit country, rose to 17 on Thursday and the number of people who tested positive for the illness increased by more than 200 to 650. Germany has about 27 cases, France around 18 and Spain 15.

Tedros told reporters in Geneva that Iran, Italy and South Korea were at a "decisive point" in their efforts to prevent a wider outbreak.

Known Unknowns

South Korea, which has the most cases outside China, reported 256 new infections on Friday, bringing the total number of infected in the country to 2,022.

Korean Air Lines Co said it will check temperatures of passengers travelling to the US and will not allow anyone with a temperature higher than 37.5 Celsius (99.5 Fahrenheit) to fly. One of its flight attendant who worked on Seoul-Los Angeles flights has tested positive.

The country's top airline said it also planned to expand these procedures to other routes.

There is particular concern over a case in Japan in which a woman tested positive for the virus for a second time. Second positive tests have also been reported in China and could imply contracting the disease does not confer immunity.

Scientists warned that much remains unknown about the virus, including how long it can survive on surfaces.

Hong Kong quarantined a pet dog of a coronavirus patient after it showed "weak positive" results for the virus, even though it did not have any symptoms. Further tests would be conducted to confirm if the dog had been infected.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) director Robert Redfield said the agency was evaluating how long coronavirus could be infectious on surfaces.

"On copper and steel its pretty typical, it's pretty much about 2 hours," Mr Redfield told a House of Representatives hearing. "But I will say on other surfaces - cardboard or plastic - it's longer, and so we are looking at this."

He said infections contracted from surfaces rather than through the air could have contributed to the outbreak on the Diamond Princess cruise ship in Japan, where about 700 passengers and crew caught the disease.

Tokyo Olympics Future

Japan is scheduled to host the 2020 Olympics in July but the head of the WHO's emergency program, Dr. Mike Ryan, said discussions were being held with organisers about whether it should go ahead.

The coronavirus has played havoc with global aviation and tourism as airlines cancel flights, countries ban visitors from hot spots and nervous passengers put off travel.

California-based Facebook Inc said it would cancel its annual developer conference and Microsoft Corp followed suit by withdrawing from a gaming conference scheduled for next month.

The WHO's Ryan said Iran's outbreak may be worse than realised. It has suffered the highest death toll outside China, with 26 dead from 245 reported cases.

US intelligence agencies are monitoring the spread of coronavirus, including in Iran and India, sources familiar with the matter said.

The virus has so far mainly battered China, causing nearly 80,000 infections and almost 2,800 deaths, according official Chinese figures. It has spread to another 46 countries, where about 3,700 cases and 57 deaths have been reported, according to the WHO.

There is no cure for the coronavirus, which can lead to pneumonia, and a vaccine may take up to 18 months to develop.